Cancer types

Causes, risks, prevention and screening for cervical cancer

This section will help you to find out more about possible causes of cervical cancer and the NHS screening and vaccination programmes.

Cevarix and Gardasil

Cervarix  and Gardasil are vaccines to prevent a virus called the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) . This virus can cause cervical cancer. From September 2008 girls in year 8 at school in the UK  (age 12-13) have been offered Cevarix.   Girls are given 3 injections over 6 months. It is hoped that vaccination will prevent 7/10 of the most common types of cervical cancer.  In September 2012 the vaccination programme  started using Gardasil in place of Cevarix.  Gardasil can also prevent genital warts which are caused by 2 types of HPV.